Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
is the United Nations agency responsible for civil aviation and
accordingly the agency used for implementing civil aviation projects
financed by UNDP funds.
has extensive experience working with UNDP and can assist governments
in preparing the necessary documentation and securing UNDP approval
of civil aviation projects. As competition within a country for
UNDP funds is usually high, ICAO's assistance may be of great
benefit in securing a portion for civil aviation.
Funds are used by governments to finance their own civil aviation
development through ICAO. With the help of ICAO staff a project
can be designed to meet the express needs of the government.
Trust Fund projects are administered under the same regulations
as UNDP projects. Some Trust Fund projects, however, are funded
by third parties: donor States or funding agencies.
'third party' Trust Funds may require that project inputs (experts
or equipment, for example) be obtained from the country or region
which constitutes the bilateral or multilateral funding source.
In these circumstances ICAO has the flexibility under a Council
decision to conform to such requirements.
administrative service fee for executing Trust Fund agreements
is the same as for UNDP projects. To enter into a Trust Fund agreement
with ICAO, a government deposits with ICAO sufficient convertible
funds to cover a period of project activities, normally one year.
As priorities change, a government may revise the kind of assistance
being provided or, with reasonable notice, suspend or cancel the
Aviation Purchasing Service (CAPS)
government responsible for civil aviation must, over time, spend
considerable funds on equipment. What precisely is needed to do
the job? Where can it be purchased at the best possible price? These
can be difficult questions for civil aviation administrations.
Civil Aviation Purchasing Service (CAPS) can answer these questions,
as it has for many countries. CAPS staff know the world market
for aviation-related products, as they deal with more than 3 000
suppliers world-wide. They know current prices for aircraft, radar
systems, computers, fire trucks and typewriters - the whole range
of equipment that a civil aviation administration may need to
more, because ICAO buys millions of dollars worth of equipment
every year, suppliers know they must offer realistic prices if
they hope to win contracts. ICAO's CAPS charges are reasonable,
intended only to cover overhead costs.
governments have found that the savings achieved through CAPS
purchases outweigh the cost of CAPS services, which can be extensive
complex systems, ICAO can provide either a complete procurement
service or individual elements, i.e. prepare detailed designs,
write specifications, evaluate tenders, carry out factory acceptance
tests, handle shipping and oversee proper installation as may
be required. Simpler purchases can be effected immediately.
use CAPS, a government or agency need only sign an agreement and
deposit the necessary funds in a special ICAO account set up for
the project. ICAO will do the rest.